Telangana’s installed renewable energy capacity as of May 2017 stood at 1.54 GW, accounting for nearly 13.4 per cent of the total installed capacity. The government has been making concerted efforts to augment capacity, especially in the renewable energy sector. Since March 2015, the state has added more than 1.4 GW of renewable energy capacity, and plans to double the installed renewable capacity to over 3.8 GW by end-2017 and to 5 GW by 2019. Overall, the state plans to increase the share of renewables in its energy mix to 26 per cent by 2018-19 under the Power for All programme.
A look at the current state of the renewable energy sector in Telangana, the policy and regulatory initiatives as well as future plans…
Policy and regulatory scenario
The state is actively promoting the renewable energy sector through various policy and regulatory measures. It already has in place the Telangana Solar Policy, 2015, which offers a slew of incentives. It provides for a 100 per cent refund of value added tax (VAT)/goods and services tax for all inputs required in solar power projects. Besides, there is provision for 100 per cent refund of stamp duty on the land purchased for a solar power project. These benefits are applicable to grid-connected solar power projects based on both photovoltaic (PV) as well as solar thermal technologies set up for the sale of power to state discoms or to third parties within the state and for captive generation. There is an exemption of cross-subsidy charges for power sale within the state. Banking of 100 per cent energy is permitted for sale within the state.
The Telangana State Electricity Regulatory Commission released the Net Metering Rooftop Solar PV Grid Interactive Systems Regulations in November 2016. According to the policy, the state will have a three-phase service wherein single-phase consumers will be eligible for net metering for up to 5 kW of capacity. Further, the capacity of a rooftop solar PV system to be installed on the premises of an eligible consumer should not be less than 1 kWp and not more than 1 MWp. In addition, the tariff payable to an eligible consumer under the net metering arrangement will be the average power purchase cost of a discom.
The state also released the draft wind power policy in 2016. According to the draft, the policy proposes ease of doing business provisions similar to those offered under the solar policy. These include facilitation of approvals through a single-window clearance system, deemed conversion of land status to non-agricultural land status, exemption from the Land Ceiling Act, exemption from wheeling and transmission charges for captive/group captive use within the state, refund of VAT and stamp duty and electricity duty exemption. The draft policy also suggests that wind power plants should be given must-run status as per the provisions of the grid code, and banking of 100 per cent of energy must be permitted for all captive and open access/scheduled consumers. Further, for projects located in the state and selling power to third parties within the state, 100 per cent exemption should be provided on the cross-subsidy surcharge.
Focus on solar
According to the Ministry of New and Renewable Energy, Telangana’s cumulative installed solar capacity stood at 1,287 MW as of March 2017, of which around 759 MW was added during 2016-17. The state has plans to increase the installed solar capacity significantly in the next few years. To this end, it has signed power purchase agreements for 3,800 MW of solar power projects, all of which are expected to come online by June 2018, thereby helping the state achieve its 5,000 MW renewable energy target by 2019. Solar power developers such as ACME Solar, Sky Power, Adani Green, Suzlon, Mytrah, Gestamp and Shapoorji Pallonji are among the solar power developers engaged in setting up solar power projects in the state.
In addition, a solar park, with a capacity of 500 MW in Phase I, has been sanctioned in Mahabubnagar district, which will be developed by the Telangana New and Renewable Energy Development Corporation at an estimated cost of Rs 2,150 million.
In May 2017, the Telangana State Power Generation Corporation issued three tenders for solar power projects with a cumulative capacity of 20 MW. One tender is for the development of an 8 MW solar power plant at the Kothagudem thermal power station at Paloncha, Khamma, to be built at a cost of Rs 410 million. Another tender calls for bids for the development of a 7 MW solar power plant at the Pulichinthala hydroelectric station in Vazinepally village, Mallacheru. This plant is estimated to be built at a cost of Rs 359 million. The third tender has been released for seven solar power plants in the 200 kW to 1,200 kW range, aggregating 5 MW of capacity. These plants will be built at a cost of Rs 256.5 million.
The steep fall in tariffs, as discovered in the recent Rewa tender (Rs 3.46 per unit) and Bhadla Phase IV (Rs 2.62 per unit) and Bhadla Phase III (Rs 2.44 per unit), is likely to continue for the upcoming tenders in Telangana as well.
As per National Institute of Wind Energy estimates, Telangana has a strong wind power potential of about 4,244 MW at 100 metres above ground level. However, the state has seen little progress in this segment as compared to the solar segment. Its installed wind power capacity as of March 2017 was around 100 MW, with a capacity addition of only 23 MW reported in 2016-17.
Telangana has sanctioned the setting up of 361 MW of wind projects, which are expected to be commissioned by 2017-18. The state’s draft wind policy suggests a target of 2,000 MW of capacity by 2018-19. It also talks about promoting wind-solar hybrid projects for better utilisation of common infrastructure and related facilities. The feed-in tariff for such projects would be as determined by the state electricity regulatory commission. In addition, as the central agencies look increasingly towards competitive bidding for wind power projects, which have helped bring tariffs down, the offtake of wind energy is likely to improve, leading to greater investments in the segment in states like Telangana.
Challenges and the way forward
Since Telangana is a relatively new state, it has been facing many challenges in ensuring the availability of the requisite infrastructure for absorbing the upcoming renewable energy capacity. To this end, the state needs to expedite its transmission network growth plans to evacuate the 5,000 MW of targeted renewable energy capacity expected to be commissioned by 2019. The poor financial health of the state’s discoms has also posed a challenge in the offtake of renewable energy. However, with the state’s decision to join the central government’s Ujwal Discom Assurance Yojana, the situation is likely to improve in the near future. The state had a poor renewable purchase obligation (RPO) compliance level at 40.4 per cent in 2015-16. It needs 1,576 MW and 2,363 MW of solar power capacity to fulfil its RPO commitments for 2017-18 and 2018-19 respectively, against the 1,545 MW of capacity installed so far.
Given the state’s project pipeline and targets as well as its strong political will and ease-of-doing business scenario, the outlook for its renewable energy sector looks fairly positive. Telangana is focused on building capacity not just in the renewable energy sector but also in transmission to enable better evacuation of the power thus generated. In order to develop associated competencies in the renewable energy sector, the state is reportedly preparing to set up an incubation centre for renewable energy start-ups that are involved in generation, storage, transformation, rooftop and other aspects of solar power.