India announces its long term low carbon development strategy at COP27

India formally announced its Long Term Low Carbon Development Strategy (LT-LEDS) at the COP27 held in Egypt. The country joined the list of 57 other countries that have submitted their LT-LEDs. The strategy laid down is based upon four fundamental pillars that have previously notified India’s climate policies. The foundation of India’s LT-LEDS is built on seven key transitions to low-carbon development pathways.

First, prioritising renewable energy expansion and grid strengthening. The other focus will be on demand-side management. Second, creating a low-carbon transportation system. The Indian government intends to make this transition by focusing on improving fuel efficiency, planning a phased transition to cleaner fuels, electrifying multiple modes, improving traffic management, and utilising intelligent transportation systems. Third, encouraging adaptation for long-term urbanisation. This includes both existing and future building designs that are climate-responsive and resilient.

Fourth, priorities that include decoupling growth from emissions and developing a low-emission industrial system. Fifth, carbon dioxide removal and related engineering solutions. The document recognises the need for international assistance in the form of innovation, technology transfer, and climate finance.

Sixth, increasing forest cover while keeping socioeconomic and ecological factors in mind. Seventh, to acknowledge the economic and financial aspects of low-carbon development. The document acknowledges the financial strain that decarbonisation can place.