Centre for Social and Economic Progress (CSEP) has released a study titled “Granular Time of Day Analysis of Balancing the Indian Electricity Grid in 2030”. Balancing the electricity grid is a complex issue with millions of nodes, where supply and demand have to match continuously in real time. Varying demand was traditionally met by over-engineering “firm” supply, but the rise of variable renewable energy (RE, like wind and solar) makes supply itself both variable and uncertain. India has some of the most aggressive RE targets in the world – to reach 450 GW by 2030 (from about 100 GW installed today). India’s overwhelmingly dominant form of supply, coal, is under environmental—and economic—pressure, and its growth is slowing down to the extent that capacity might plateau in some years.
Read the complete study here