Shell, TERI outline a path for India’s sustainable development and net-zero emissions

A report released by Shell Group of Companies, India and The Energy and Resources Institute titled “India transforming to a net-zero emissions energy system: A call to action to 2030” focuses on the steps that India needs to take in order to be on track to reach its 2030 pledges and its 2070 net zero emissions objective.

Four possible scenarios have been put forward in the report, all of which aim to achieve net-zero emissions in India’s energy system by the second half of this century. It further draws attention to the importance of boosting electrification in energy end-use industries, enhancing the use of non-fossil fuels to meet electricity needs, and generating low-carbon substitutes, such as hydrogen and biofuels, for the industries that are difficult to electrify. Furthermore, it emphasises on making the use of digital solutions to achieve low-carbon alternatives, aiding circular economy business concepts to promote resource conservation, and establishing a supportive environment for the development and expansion of carbon removals after 2030 in order to take care of the most expensive and challenging-to-reduce residual emissions.

In order to enable the shift towards more sustainable energy practices, it further highlights the importance of policy interventions, technology developments, and behavioral adjustments. It also emphasises the potential commercial and economic prospects for India to take on a leadership role and advance to more energy and emissions-efficient technologies and alternatives.