Tata Power, together with its subsidiaries and jointly controlled entities, has an installed capacity of 12.9 GW, of which 68 per cent is based on thermal (coal, oil and gas) and the remaining is based on renewables (solar, wind, hydro and waste heat recovery). Last year, it expanded its conventional power generation capacity via the inorganic route with the acquisition of a 75 per cent stake in the stressed 1,980 MW Prayagraj power project. Meanwhile, it is expanding its renewable energy portfolio (currently at more than 3.9 GW) with a strong pipeline of projects. The company is also reportedly planning to create an InvIT for its wind and solar farms and is in discussion with global investors.
The company also has successful public-private partnerships in the transmission and distribution (T&D) segment. In 2019, it won the bid for the acquisition of 51 per cent stake in Odisha’s Central Electric Supply Undertaking (CESU). This has doubled its total consumer base to over 5 million. Tata Power is also working on expanding its presence in new and emerging areas like electric vehicle (EV) infrastructure and microgrids.
Tata Power’s own thermal portfolio aggregates 8.86 GW across Jharkhand, West Bengal, Odisha, Gujarat, Maharashtra and New Delhi. Much of the capacity comes from the 4,150 MW Mundra UMPP in Gujarat commissioned in 2012-13. The project was won through the tariff-based competitive bidding route in 2006 at a levellised tariff of Rs 2.26 per kWh.
The other thermal projects include the Trombay (930 MW), Maithon (1,050 MW), Jojobera (548 MW) and Rithala (108 MW) projects. Tata Power also operates 54 MW of captive TPPs in Indonesia (PT Citra KusumaPerdana). Further, through the Resurgent Power platform, a joint venture (JV) of Tata Power International, ICICI Bank and global investors like the Kuwait Investment Authority and the State General Reserve Fund, Oman), Tata Power has acquired the 1,980 MW coal-based Bina power plant from the Prayagraj Power Generation Company, a part of Jaypee Power. Almost 90 per cent of the project’s gross capacity is tied up with Uttar Pradesh discoms through a Case II PPA. In April 2020, the plant’s availability was 90 per cent, as compared to 50 per cent at the time of acquisition in December 2019.
Tata Power’s green portfolio stands at 4,112 MW as of May 2020. It comprises solar (1,705 MW), wind (1,161 MW), hydro (871 MW), and waste heat recovery (375 MW). Recently, Tata Power’s JV with Norway’s Clean Energy Invest (CEI) and the International Financial Corporation started commercial operations of the 178 MW Shuakhevi hydropower project in Georgia in March 2020. This is one of the largest projects in Georgia set up at an overall cost of about $500 million. Tata Power has an installed hydropower capacity of approximately 500 MW across three plants in Maharashtra.
Tata Power currently has a robust pipeline of 700 MW of large solar projects, including the Dholera Solar Park project, which is under implementation as of May 2020. In November 2019, Tata Power’s subsidiary, TPREL, received a letter of award (LoA) from Gujarat UrjaVikas Nigam Limited to develop a 50 MW solar project in the Dholera Solar Park in Gujarat in addition to the 250 MW solar project being set up by the company at the solar park.
Meanwhile, Tata Power’s solar EPC business has recorded significant growth. As of January 2020, it had an order book of nearly Rs 77 billion, of which nearly Rs 44 billion came from outside the Tata Group. In January 2020, Tata Power Solar received an LoA from NTPC for a 250 MW solar project with domestic content under the CPSU scheme.
Tata Power’s transmission network includes 1,188 ckt. km of transmission network in Mumbai, connecting generating stations to 22 receiving stations; and 2,328 ckt. km of 220 kV and 400 kV transmission lines built in a JV with PowergridPowerlinks Transmission Limited to evacuate power from the Tala hydroelectric project (HEP) in Bhutan.
Tata Power’s distribution segment caters to around 2.59 million customers across the Mumbai and Delhi distribution licence areas and the Ajmer distribution franchise area. For 2018-19, the aggregate technical and commercial (AT&C) losses in these areas were among the lowest in the country with Delhi at 8.16 per cent, Mumbai at 1.02 per cent (T&D loss) and Ajmer at 11.2 per cent. The company has demonstrated a successful track record of AT&C loss reduction and efficient delivery of consumer services in its areas of operation through the use of advanced technology and digitalisation. This has helped the company stay ahead in the current times when electricity bill payments are affected due to the lockdown.
In December 2019, Tata Power successfully secured the distribution licence for CESU from the Odisha Electricity Regulatory Commission (OERC) for 25 years. CESU serves five electrical circles – Bhubaneswar (electrical circles I and II), Cuttack, Paradip and Dhenkanal – covering an area of 29,354 square km. The sale of CESU’s distribution licence to Tata Power has been through the formation of a special purpose vehicle (SPV) at an estimated value of Rs 1.75 billion. The Odisha government will own a 49 per cent equity stake in the proposed SPV while Tata Power will hold the remaining 51 per cent stake along with management control.
Tata Power has ventured into new business areas like EV charging and storage, distributed generation and microgrids. The company has established EV charging stations in Mumbai, Delhi and Hyderabad. Tata Power has been working on the EV charging network in collaboration with Tata Motors, and already has 100 charging stations in eight cities. It targets to install 300 charging stations by the end of 2019-20. Recently, Tata Power entered into a partnership with Jaguar Land Rover (JLR) India for end-to-end EV charging solutions. As part of the partnership, Tata Power will provide charging solutions for JLR across its retail network of 27 outlets in 24 cities as well as at customers’ residences and/or offices.
In the microgrid space, Tata Power and the Rockefeller Foundation have created an arm, Tata Power Renewable Microgrids Limited, to set up 10,000 microgrids across the country by 2026. Tata Power Renewable Microgrids will scale up an innovative microgrid model in collaboration with Smart Power India and the Institute for Transformative Technologies to provide clean power to nearly 5 million households in the country.
Tata Power’s consolidated revenue in 2019-20 stood at Rs 296.99 billion, a 1.87 per cent decrease from the Rs 302.67 billion registered in the previous fiscal. The profit after tax (PAT) decreased by over 49.5 per cent, from Rs 26.06 billion in 2018-19 to Rs 13.16 billion in 2019-20. The company is taking steps to exit from its non-core investments and divesting suboptimal-sized international assets to deleverage its balance sheet. The company’s net debt stood at about Rs 435.7 billion as of March 2020.
In 2018-19, the company raised about Rs 18.97 billion through disinvestment of non-core assets. Tata Power is also reportedly exploring to pare its debt by creating an InvIT for its renewable energy portfolio of wind and solar farms. Reportedly, global investors including Brookfield, Omers, Mubadala and the Abu Dhabi Investment Authority are in early-stage discussions with Tata Power to invest $500 million-$600 million in its renewable energy platform.
Despite adversities, operations in all the businesses of Tata Power have been largely unaffected owing to adequate spares and remote operations. While there was no major backdown in renewable generation with the MNRE reiterating must-run status, energy sales of the company’s discoms were down by almost 29 per cent in April 2020 (versus April 2019). However, power demand started picking up in the first two weeks of May across all three distribution licence areas. Also, the conventional generation business was unaffected in terms of plant availability although power offtake was reduced. Moreover, CESU’s takeover has been deferred till the Covid situation improves.
Due to supply chain disruptions, and labour and logistics challenges, the company’s under-construction renewable projects were impacted in the first lockdown. However, with production facilities back online in China and construction of renewable power projects permitted, work on these sites has restarted and the company expects to make up for the delays in 2020-21.
Although Tata Power’s high debt levels have negatively affected its financial performance, it is taking considered steps to reduce its debt by monetising non-core assets as well as evaluating options such as InvITs to bring on board new investors. Going forward, Tata Power aims to minimise its thermal footprint and continue expanding its renewable portfolio. Moreover, its diversification into emerging business areas such as EV charging and energy storage will help the company sustain its growth.