A recent study conducted by the Indian Institute of Technology (IIT) Kanpur called into question the belief that electric cars are more environmentally beneficial than hybrid and traditional internal combustion engine vehicles. According to a report by the Engine Research Lab at IIT Kanpur, the production of greenhouse gases (GHGs) from the manufacturing, use, and scrapping of electric cars is 15 to 50 per cent higher than that of hybrid and conventional engine cars.
In the per-kilometre analysis, the purchase, insurance, and maintenance of electric vehicles (EVs) are likewise 15-60 per cent more expensive. The survey also discovered that hybrid electric vehicles are the most environmentally beneficial. With the assistance of a Japanese company, IIT Kanpur conducted a study on electric, hybrid, and conventional vehicles. To determine the Life Cycle Analysis (LCA) and Total Cost of Ownership (TCO) of the vehicles, the study classified the cars into three categories: two foreign categories, and one Indian category.
According to a study by Prof. Avinash Agarwal of IIT Kanpur, battery electric cars (BEVs) produce 15–50 per cent more greenhouse emissions than other types of vehicles in various categories. BEVs require electricity to charge their batteries, but 75 per cent of the country’s electricity is currently produced from coal, which produces carbon dioxide. Similarly, the cost of buying, using and maintaining battery cars is 15-60 per cent higher per km as compared to hybrid and conventional cars.